ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin

ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐊᒥᐦᐃᐁᐧ ᑎᑭᓇᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᐠ ᐅᓇᒋᑫᐃᐧ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᐣ. ᐅᒋᐳᐁᐧ ᒥᓇ ᐊᐱᑕ ᐅᒪᐡᑭᑯᒧᐃᐧᐣ, ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐣ, ᑲᑭᓇ ᐁᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒥᑎᔭᐠ ᒋᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᔭᐠ ᑭᓂᒐᓂᔑᓇᐣ ᐃᐁᐧ ᐃᓇᐦᑌ ᒋᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒥᓇ ᒋᐸᒥᐦᐊᑲᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐁᐅᒋ ᐊᓯᐡᑲᐃᐧᐣᑕᐧ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᑭ ᐃᔑ ᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐱᒧᑐᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ.

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin is the Tikinagan service model. In Ojibway/Oji-Cree, Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin means, “Everyone working together to raise our children.” It is based on our traditional way of protecting and caring for children and supporting families that has been designed and is delivered by First Nations people in our 30 communities.


ᐃᐧᒋᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑭᓇᑲᐧᓇᐱᐃᐧᐣ
Wee-chee-way-win Circle

Tikinagan shares the sacred responsibility held by parents, extended family and community members to care for children. When a child comes into care, it is important for each child to be part of a network of caring people. Every person who has an interest in the care of a child is asked to become a member of the Wee-chee-way-win Circle for the child. The Wee-chee-way-win Circle may include the child’s parents and siblings, extended family members, the First Nation Chief and Council, Elders, the school principal and teachers, workers from other community resources, Foster Parents and other caregivers, and Tikinagan workers and supervisors. Although each has a different role in the Circle, the success of a child’s emotional security depends on teamwork. By working together in mutual cooperation and respect, a circle of healing will surround the child.

ᒪᒪᐤ ᑲᔑ ᒪᒋᐡᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ

The Mamow Way

ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᓇᐣᑕ 40 ᐊᐦᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᐊᓄᑭᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓂᑯᐠ ᐁᐃᔑᓇᑲᐧᐠ ᐁᑭ ᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑫᔑ ᓇᐦᐃᓭᓂᐠ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐊᓂᑲᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑯᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᒪ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐃᐧ ᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ, ᓂᑭ ᐃᓯᓭᑐᒥᐣ ᒋᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐊᒪᐣᐠ ᑲᑭ ᐃᓀᐣᑕᑲᐧᑭᐸᐣ ᒋᑭ ᐃᓇᓄᑭᒪᑲᑭᐸᐣ ᑲᑭ ᐅᓇᑐᐊᐧᐸᐣ ᐅᑭᒪᑲᓇᐠ ᒥᓇ ᑭᒋᔭᐦᐊᐠ ᐊᐱ ᑎᑭᓇᑲᐣ ᑲᑭ ᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᑭᐸᐣ.

ᐅᐁᐧ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᐣ ᑲᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ ᒥᑐᓂ ᐱᑯ ᑲᐧᔭᐠ ᐃᐧᐣᒋᑫᒪᑲᐣ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᐃᓇᓄᑲᑌᐠ ᐅᐁᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧ ᒪᓯᓇᐦᐃᑲᐣ, ᐊᔑᐨ ᑲᔦ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᒥᓇ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᓀᓴᐣ. ᒥᓇ ᐊᓂᐣ ᑫᑐᒋᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐃᐧᑕᓄᑭᒥᑎᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔕᑲᐡᑭᓀᐱᐦᐃᑲᑌᑭᐣ ᐯᐸᓇᐣ. ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᓇᐦᑌ ᒋᑭᒋᓀᐣᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐅᒪᓂᑐᐃᐧ ᐅᑐᓇᔓᐊᐧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᒋᐸᒥᓇᐊᐧᐨ ᐅᓂᒐᓂᔑᐊᐧᐣ. ᐊᒥᑕᐡ ᑲᔦ ᐁᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐠ ᐃᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂᐊᐧᐠ ᐅᑐᓇᔓᐊᐧᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐁᐸᔑᒋᐡᑭᑲᑌᓂᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᓇᔓᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᔦ ᐃᐁᐧ ᑲᑲᑫᐧ ᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᐠ ᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᐊᓂᔑᓂᓂ ᒋᑭ ᐊᓂ ᑎᐯᐣᑕᑭᐸᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔑᐃᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧ ᐱᒧᒋᑫᐃᐧᐣ. ᐁᑲᐧ ᑕᐡ ᐸᓂᒪ ᐅᐁᐧ ᑭᐊᓂ ᑌᐱᓂᑲᑌᐠ, ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᐃᓇᐦᑌ ᑫᒋᓇᐨ ᑎᑭᓇᑲᐣ ᒋᐸᑭᑎᓇᒧᐊᐧᐨ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᐁᐧᐃᐧᓇᐣ ᑲᐃᔑ ᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᐠ ᐅᐣᑌᕑᐃᔪ ᐅᓇᔓᐁᐧᐃᐧᐣ, ᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᒥᓇ ᑲᐃᔑ ᓇᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᑲᐧᐠ ᒋᔑ ᑲᓇᐊᐧᐸᐣᒋᑲᑌᐠ.

The Mamow Way

ᒪᒪᐤ ᑲᔑ ᒪᒋᐡᑲᓂᐊᐧᐠ

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin represents the culmination of almost 40 years of work to develop a culturally appropriate response to children and families who are in need of help in the First Nation communities. In developing Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin, we have sought to be true to the original vision that the Chiefs and Elders had when Tikinagan was created.

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin is designed to respect the inherent authority of First Nations to care for our own children. It acknowledges that our First Nation mandate supersedes provincial legislation and that our ultimate goal is the pursuit of complete First Nation jurisdiction over our own child welfare services. Until this goal can be achieved, Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin is designed to ensure that Tikinagan provides services in accordance with provincial legislation, regulations and standards.

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin

Rooted in Culture

ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐃᑭᑐᒪᑲᐠ ᐊᒥᐦᐃᒪ ᑲᐅᐣᒋ ᒪᒋᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᐅᓂᑫᑐᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᐅᑕᓇᐣᐠ ᑲᑭᐱᔕᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐣ. ᐅᐁᐧ ᑲᐊᓂᔑᓇᐯᐃᐧᓯᐠ,ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᒪᐅᐧᐨ ᐁᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᒪᓂᑐᑲᑭ ᒥᓂᑯᓯᐠ, ᑲᐃᐧᐣ ᐁᐦᑕ ᐃᒪ ᑎᐯᐣᒋᑫᐃᐧᓂᐠ ᐃᒪᓴᑲᔦᒥᓯᐁᐧ ᑲᐃᔑ ᐊᐊᐧᑯᒥᑎᓇᓂᐊᐧᐠ. ᑲᑭᓇ ᐊᐃᐧᔦ ᐁᐸᐸᒥᓯᑲᐣᑕᐣᐠ ᒋᑲᓇᐁᐧᓂᒪᔭᐠᐊᐁᐧ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᐡ.

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin is rooted in our traditional customs of caring for children. In our culture, children are regarded as sacred gifts from the Creator, not only to the family but also to the larger community of extended family members. Everyone shares in the responsibility of protecting and caring for that child.

Mamow Obiki-Ahwahsoowin Difference

Within all aspects of service delivery, workers are expected to consult with the Elders for their wisdom, guidance, teachings and direction. Since a core value of our model is accountability to the First Nations, Tikinagan workers are required to consult with the First Nations on all case management decisions. First Nations are involved in all child well-being cases and work with Tikinagan to develop service plans for families and placement options and plans of care for children in care. Services are culturally responsive and supportive of traditional values and customs.

Customary Care

Customary care is an integral element of Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin. Within the customary care system, the First Nation Chief and Council have the authority to declare children to be placed in Tikinagan care when removal from their home is required. The First Nation, parents, Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin caregivers and children in care sign a Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin Care Agreement for children coming into the agency’s care. The relationship between the First Nations and Tikinagan is spelled out in protocols that are being developed in unique ways with each First Nation.

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin

Keeping Families Connected

ᑭᓇ ᐣᑕᐁᐧᐣᑕᒥᐣ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐠ ᐊᑕᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᑲᐣᐠ ᒋᑭ ᑕᔑ ᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᓂᒪᔭᑲᐧᐸᐣ. ᒥᓴᐊᐧᐨ ᐁᑲ ᑲᑭ ᐃᓯᓭᓂᐠ ᐊᓂᑭᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐣ ᒋᑭ ᑲᓇ ᐁᐧᓂᒥᑯᔭᐣᐠ, ᐁᑲ ᐁᓇ ᐣᐁᐧᓂᒪᔭᐣᐠ ᐸᑲᐣ ᒋᒪᒋᐃᐧᓇᑲᓇᐊᐧᐨ ᐊᑕᔑᑫᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐸᑲᐣ ᒋᑕᔑ ᑲᓇᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ. ᒥᐦᐃᐁᐧ ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᐅᐣᒋᔑᐸᑭᑎᓇᐨ ᐊᐊᐧᔑᔕᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐅᔕᑕᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧᐨ ᓇᐣᑕ ᑲᔦ ᐯᔕᐣᐨ ᐃᐡᑯᓂᑲᓂᐣᐠ. ᐃᐁᐧ ᑕᐡ ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᐸᒥ ᓂᑫᐃᐧ ᓇᑯᒥᑎᐃᐧᐣ, ᑭᓂᒐᓂᔑᓇᐣ ᐃᒪ ᒋᔑ ᐸᑭᑎᓇᑲᓄᐊᐧᐨ ᑲᐧᔭᐠ ᑫᔑ ᑲᓇ ᐁᐧᐣᑕᑯᓯᐊᐧᐨ ᐯᔕᐣᐨ ᐅᑕᐃᐧᓂᐊᐧ ᐱᓇᒪ ᒋᑲᑫᐧ ᐃᐧᒋᐦᐃᑎᓯᓂᐨ ᐅᓂᑭᐦᐃᑯᐊᐧᐣ. ᑲᐊᐧᐣᐠ ᑫᑯᐣ ᐅᓇᑯᓂᑫᐃᐧᐣ ᑕᑯᓭᓯᓄᐣ ᐃᒪ ᑲᐊᐸᑕᐠ ᒪᒪᐤ ᐅᐱᑭᐦᐊᐊᐧᓱᐃᐧᐣ ᑲᑭ ᐅᓇᒋᑲᑌᐠ ᑲᐱᒥᓂᔕᐦᐃᑲᑌᐠ.

We want to keep our children at home. Even when they can’t be with their parents, we do not want to see them sent away from their own communities. That is why Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin places children in foster homes in their community or in a community nearby. By means of a Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin Care Agreement, our children are placed where they can be safe close to home while their parents are regaining their stability. There is no court involvement in the Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin model.