Who are we?

We are a community-based child and family wellbeing agency rooted in and accountable to the First Nations communities we serve. We are a large team of residential care workers, child care workers, family service workers, community-based prevention workers, intake workers, and administrative staff.

We are here because we want to protect our children, help our families and nurture our communities.

Our HistoryClick here to read about Tikinagan's orgins.

Our Mandate

Tikinagan Child and Family Services has a dual mandate. It is one of 53 Children's Aid Societies in Ontario mandated under the Child, Youth and Family Services Act to protect children from harm. We are accountable to Ontario for this responsibility. We are also mandated by our Chiefs to provide services that are culturally sensitive to the needs of Indigenous children, families and First Nations. We are accountable to the Chiefs and to the communities for this responsibility.

Our Vision

The Answers Lie Within The Communities

The Creator entrusted First Nations with the sacred responsibility of protecting our children and developing strong families and healthy communities. The Chiefs created Tikinagan to support and strengthen our children, our families, and our communities. The future of our communities is our children. They need to be nurtured within their families and communities. As such, community responsibility for child protection is an essential aspect of Native self-government.

Our Goal

The sacred responsibility for developing and sustaining our families takes us as Indigenous people back to the past to prepare ourselves for the future. The concepts, principles, and the values practised are the strengths we need now to encourage to ensure healthy families, which in turn will be the foundation of strong and healthy communities.

The overall goal of Tikinagan Child and Family Services is to keep our children with us, and within our community. The goal challenges us to:

  • nourish the values and principles of our people
  • draw our strengths from the people we serve
  • develop skills and resources at the community level to address child welfare issues

Our Values

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What is Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin?

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin represents the culmination of almost 35 years of work to develop a culturally appropriate response to children and families who are in need of help in the First Nation communities. In developing Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin, we have sought to be true to the original vision that the Chiefs and Elders had when Tikinagan was created.

The service model is described in detail in a set of comprehensive service manuals, including service standards and policies, and case management procedures and forms.

Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin is designed to respect the inherent authority of First Nations to care for our own children. It acknowledges that our First Nation mandate supersedes provincial legislation and that our ultimate goal is the pursuit of complete First Nation jurisdiction over our own child welfare services. Until this goal can be achieved, Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin is designed to ensure that Tikinagan provides services in accordance with provincial legislation, regulations and standards.

What sets us apart

Our service model promotes the delivery of services at the community level by community-based workers. Tikinagan hires and trains local First Nation members to be frontline workers, supervisors and senior managers within the agency. We are working to develop as many resources as possible at the community level, including community offices with supervisors and front line staff; training opportunities for staff and foster parents; regular, specialized and treatment foster homes; and, agency-operated homes and Youth Healing Centres for children in care. Services are culturally responsive and supportive of traditional values and customs.

Within all aspects of service delivery, workers are expected to consult with the Elders for their wisdom, guidance, teachings and direction. Since a core value of our model is accountability to the First Nations, Tikinagan workers are required to consult with the First Nations on all case management decisions. First Nations are involved in all child well-being cases and work with Tikinagan to develop service plans for families and placement options and plans of care for children in care.

What is Customary Care?

Customary care is an integral element of Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin. Within the customary care system, the First Nation Chief and Council have the authority to declare children to be placed in Tikinagan care when removal from their home is required. The First Nation, parents, Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin caregivers and children in care sign a Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin Care Agreement for children coming into the agency's care. Mamow Obiki-ahwahsoowin care presents a viable alternative to the mainstream Court system. However, Tikinagan retains the authority to bring a child to safety and to use the Court system as a last resort to ensure that children are protected.

The relationship between the First Nations and Tikinagan is spelled out in protocols that are being developed in unique ways with each First Nation.

Wee-chee-way-win Circle

Tikinagan shares the sacred responsibility held by parents, extended family and community members to care for children.

When a child comes into care, it is important for each child to be part of a network of caring people. Every person who has an interest in the care of a child is asked to become a member of the Wee-chee-way-win Circle for the child. The Child Care Worker co-ordinates the efforts of these people to work in a child's best interests. The Wee-chee-way-win Circle (also known as a Family Services Committee) may make important recommendations concerning the plan for a child.

The Wee-chee-way-win Circle may include the child's parents and siblings, extended family members, the First Nation Chief and Council, Elders, the school principal and teachers, workers from other community resources, and other caregivers, Tikinagan workers and supervisors.

When a child is in care, Foster Parents also function as part of the Circle, working together with Tikinagan staff and others in the Circle.

Although each has a different role in the Circle, the success of a child's emotional security depends on teamwork. By working together in mutual cooperation and respect, a circle of healing will surround the child.

Click to compare Compare our service model to Mainstream Services